By Harshit Agrawal on April 30, 2020
Valuation Rate of an item is calculated based on the total expense incurred to make the product available for sale like freight, labour, cost of raw materials, etc.

In ERPNext, Valuation Rate is calculated based on the valuation method selected for the particular item. 
An item can have either FIFO or Moving Average selected as a valuation method. 

Consider the following example to know how it impacts your stock:
DateTransactionQtyUnit Cost

Calculating Valuation Rate at the time of sale:

As per FIFO:

Since this is FIFO, we will consume quantities from the earliest transactions, therefore, to make a sale of 15 qty, we will take 10 qty from the first transaction and 5 qty from the second one. 

(10 * 100) + (5 * 120) = 1600 which leaves us 15 qty in stock at cost of 120 amounting to 1800.

As per Moving Average: 

In the Moving Average method, the value of an item is recalculated every time when an item is acquired. This is done by adding the cost of the newly acquired items to the existing inventory’s value and then dividing it by the total quantity available. 

((10 * 100) + (20 * 120)) / 30 = 113.33

To make a sale of 15 qty, we will directly multiply it by the average value we received just now. 
15 * 113.33 = 1700 which leaves us 15 qty in stock amounting to 1700.

If you check, even though the quantity is same the stock value is different but both amounts to a total of 3400 only.  

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